White Balance

color temperature Color temperature:

Light can actually be expressed as a Kelvin temperature; the temperature of the light can make it appear bluer or redder (see scale). Think of a reddish-yellow sky at sunset while at noon the sky appears mostly blue. The white balance setting in your camera controls how the color temperature of the light source you are shooting under will be recorded either "cooler" (towards blue) or "warmer" (towards red"). Auto White Balance uses information from the scene and calibrates how a white object should appear under different light sources. While Auto White Balance works well for most situations, sometimes using one of the white balance presets or setting the white balance manually (One-touch) will provide more accurate results.

Using your camera's White Balance Presets

Auto White Balance is suitable for most situations but may not be correct when there is no near-white area in the image. The white balance presets let you tell the camera precisely what type of light source you are shooting under. The presets are tied into a specific color temperature, and they give the camera a precise method to determine what white — as well as other colors — should look like under certain lighting conditions.

These are the presets available on your camera:

White Balance

Note: Look under WB Compensation in your reference manual to fine tune the color temperature of the presets.

The image below, on the left, was shot using Auto White Balance. The image on the right was shot using the 5300K evening sunlight preset. You can also use the Sunset mode, which applies the same white balance setting but also does other image adjustments such as applying (-) exposure compensation and boasting saturation.

auto white balance evening sunlight
Manual White Balance (One-touch)manual white balance

When there is no near-white color in the image area, it is more difficult for the camera to determine correct white balance when set to Auto White Balance. In these situations, One-touch white balance lets you "tell" the camera what white looks like under the light your shooting.

To the right is a studio shot of a cologne bottle using Auto White Balance under tungsten lights. bottle photo 1
Next, using One-touch white balance we fill the frame with white under the same lighting as our subject. The setting is locked following the One-touch white balance instructions. wb card
Next, we take a shot using the One-touch white balance setting we just locked into place. The image now represents the cologne bottle's true colors.

The One-touch white balance setting will remain locked until a new one is set.

Follow the directions below to set the One-touch white balance:

bottle photo 2

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